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Contents

1. Training strategy
2. Maps
3. Marginal information and symbols
  - Marginal information on a military map
  - Additional notes
  - Topographic map symbols
  - Military symbols
  - Colors used on a military map
4. Grids
5. Scale and distance
6. Direction
7. Overlays
8. Aerial photographs
9. Navigation equipment and methods
10. Elevation and relief
11. Terrain association
12. Mounted land navigation
13. Navigation in different types of terrain
14. Unit sustainment

A. Field sketching
B. Map folding techniques
C. Units of measure and conversion factors
D. Joint operations graphics
E. Exportable training material
F. Orienteering
G. M2 compass
H. Additional aids
I. Foreign maps
J. Global positioning system
K. Precision lightweight global positioning system receiver

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

3-5. COLORS USED ON A MILITARY MAP

By the fifteenth century, most European maps were carefully colored. Profile drawings of mountains and hills were shown in brown, rivers and lakes in blue, vegetation in green, roads in yellow, and special information in red. A look at the legend of a modern map confirms that the use of colors has not changed much over the past several hundred years. To facilitate the identification of features on a map, the topographical and cultural information is usually printed in different colors. These colors may vary from map to map. On a standard large-scale topographic map, the colors used and the features each represent are:

a.   Black. Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels.

b.   Red-Brown. The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.

c.   Blue. Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.

d.   Green. Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.

e.   Brown. Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.

f.   Red. Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.

g.   Other. Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information. These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.



Marginal information and symbols
Marginal information on a military map | Additional notes | Topographic map symbols | Military symbols | Colors used on a military map |




Buy The Book This Site Is Based On
The 'Land Navigation' section of this site is based on 'Map Reading and Land Navigation', a public domain work published by the U.S. Department of Defense that is available for sale at Amazon.com.




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