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1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines


Properly planning for the possible contingencies that may occur during a mission is a positive step toward being able to cope successfully with the changes in situation. The contingency plan of action is a critical document to an individual soldier, or to a unit, faced with evading enemy forces. First, it is a plan that will provide evaders a starting point to begin operating effectively once evasion has begun. Second, it gives recovery forces the ability to know what the evaders are planning to do, thus making recovery, operations easier. A well-thought-out contingency plan of action that everyone can understand is an important document to the evader.
Note: Upon deployment, you may carry with you the information compiled in A through E of the SITUATION paragraph only.


A. Country Climatic Zones

1. Tropical Rainy Climate

2. Dry Climate

3. Temperate Climate

4. Cold Climate (wet/dry)

5. Polar

B. Climatic Land Zones (whatever is applicable)

1. Coasts - Seasons

a. Temperature

b. Precipitation

c. General wind direction

d. Cloud cover

2. Plains (refer to coasts)

3. Deserts (refer to coasts)

4. Plateaus (refer to coasts)

5. Mountains (refer to coasts)

6. Swamps (refer to coasts)

C. Light Data (BMNT, EENT, Moonrise, Moonset, Percent of Illumination)

D. Terrain

1. Neighboring Borders

2. General Terrain Zones

a. Coasts

(1) General description and size

(2) Vegetation

(a) Natural

1. Tundra

2. Coniferous forest

3. Deciduous forest

4. Temperate grassland

5. Marshland swamp

6. Desert

7. Pastoral and arable land

8. Tropical forest

9. Savanna

(b) Cultivated

(c) Concealment (density)

(d) Growing seasons

(e) Edible

1. Food value

2. Procurement (young or mature)

3. Preparation

4. Cooking

(f) Poisonous

(g) Medical use

(h) Other uses

(3)Animals and fish

(a) Domestic

1. Food values

2. Procurement

3. Preparation

4. Cooking

5. Medical use

6. Dangerous

7. Poisonous

8. Other uses

(b) Wildlife (animals, fish, insects, and reptiles) (see domestic)

(4)Water sources

(a) Procurement

(b) Potability

(c) Preparation

b. Plains (refer to coasts)

c. Deserts (refer to coasts)

d. Plateaus (refer to coasts)

e. Mountains (refer to coasts)

f. Swamps (refer to coasts)

g. Rivers and lakes (refer to coasts)

3. Natural Land Barriers

a. Mountain ranges

b. Large rivers

E. Civilian Population

1. Numbers of Population

a. Totals and density (by areas)

b. Divisions of urban, suburban, rural, and nomads

2. Dress and Customs

3. Internal Security Forces

4. Controls and Restrictions (explain)

5. Border Area Security

F. Friendly Forces


2. Closest Units

3. Location of Friendly or Neutral Embassies, Liaisons, Consulates, etc.

4. Recovery Sites (explain), LZs En Route.

G. Enemy Forces

1. Doctrine

2. Tactics

3. Intelligence Reports

a. Identification

b. Location

c. Activity

d. Strength

e. Night sighting devices

II. MISSION--Conduct Avoidance of Capture on Order From-To


A. Overall Plan

1. When Do You Initiate Movement?

2. Location of Initial Movement Point

3. Actions at Initial Movement Point

4. Location of Hide Areas

5. Movement to Hide Areas

6. Actions Around the Hide Sites

7. Movement to Hide Sites

8. Actions at Hide Sites

a. Construction

b. Occupation

c. Movement out of hide site

9. Location of Hole-up Areas

10. Actions at Hole-up Areas

11. Location of Recovery Site(s)

B. Other Missions

1. Movement

a. Formation

b. Individual positions

c. Navigation

d. Stealth/listening

e. Security

(1) Noise

(2) Light

(3) All around security

f. Cover, concealment, and camouflage

g. Actions at breaks

(1) Listening (5-10 minutes)

(2) Long

h. Actions at danger areas (enemy observation or fire)

i. Actions for enemy sighting/contact

j. Rally points/rendezvous points

(1) Locations

(2) Actions

2. Actions in the Care of Sick or Injured

a. Initial movement point

b. Along the movement route

3. Actions for Crossing Borders

4. Actions at Recovery Site(s)

5. Other Actions

6. Training and Rehearsals

7. Inspections before starting movement


A. Survival Aids

1. Health

a. First aid

b. Disease

2. Water

a. Procurement

b. Purification

c. Carrying

3. Food

a. Procurement

b. Preparation

c. Cooking

d. Carrying

4. Shelter and Comfort/Warmth

5. Fire Starting

6. Recovery

7. Travel

B. Survival Kit(s)

C. Special Equipment

D. Inspections

1. Responsibilities

2. Equipment, Survival Items, and Kit(s)


A. Chain of Command

1. Senior Person

2. Team Leader

B. Signals To Be Used by Movement Teams

1. Along the Route

2. Rally/Rendezvous Points

C. Communications to Higher Headquarters (radio)

Contingency plan of action format

Buy The Book This Site Is Based On
The 'Survival Skills' section of this site is based on 'U.S. Army Survival Manual', a public domain work published by the U.S. Department of Defense that is available for sale at Amazon.com.

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