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Contents

1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Oak

Oak
Quercus species

Description: Oak trees have alternate leaves and acorn fruits. There are two main groups of oaks: red and white. The red oak group has leaves with bristles and smooth bark in the upper part of the tree. Red oak acorns take 2 years to mature. The white oak group has leaves without bristles and a rough bark in the upper portion of the tree. White oak acorns mature in 1 year.

Habitat and Distribution: Oak trees are found in many habitats throughout North America, Central America, and parts of Europe and Asia.

Edible Parts: All parts are edible, but often contain large quantities of bitter substances. White oak acorns usually have a better flavor than red oak acorns. Gather and shell the acorns. Soak red oak acorns in water for 1 to 2 days to remove the bitter substance. You can speed up this process by putting wood ashes in the water in which you soak the acorns. Boil the acorns or grind them into flour and use the flour for baking. You can use acorns that you baked until very dark as a coffee substitute.

CAUTION

Tannic acid gives the acorns their bitter taste. Eating an excessive amount of acorns high in tannic acid can lead to kidney failure. Before eating acorns, leach out this chemical.

Other Uses: Oak wood is excellent for building or burning. Small oaks can be split and cut into long thin strips (3 to 6 millimeters thick and 1.2 centimeters wide) used to weave mats, baskets, or frameworks for packs, sleds, furniture, etc. Oak bark soaked in water produces a tanning solution used to preserve leather.

For information on a specific edible or medicinal plant, click on one of the links below:

  - Abal
  - Acacia
  - Agave
  - Almond
  - Amaranth
  - Arctic willow
  - Arrowroot
  - Asparagus
  - Bael fruit
  - Bamboo
  - Banana and plantain
  - Baobab
  - Batoko plum
  - Bearberry or kinnikinnick
  - Beech
  - Bignay
  - Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry
  - Blueberry and huckleberry
  - Breadfruit
  - Burdock
  - Burl Palm
  - Canna lily
  - Carob tree
  - Cashew nut
  - Cattail
  - Cereus cactus
  - Chestnut
  - Chicory
  - Chufa
  - Coconut
  - Common jujube
  - Cranberry
  - Crowberry
  - Cuipo tree
  - Dandelion
  - Date palm
  - Daylily
  - Duchesnea or Indian strawberry
  - Elderberry
  - Fireweed
  - Fishtail palm
  - Foxtail grass
  - Goa bean
  - Hackberry
  - Hazelnut or wild filbert
  - Horseradish tree
  - Iceland moss
  - Indian potato or Eskimo potato
  - Juniper
  - Lotus
  - Malanga
  - Mango
  - Manioc
  - Marsh marigold
  - Mulberry
  - Nettle
  - Nipa palm
  - Oak
  - Orach
  - Palmetto palm
  - Papaya or pawpaw
  - Persimmon
  - Pincushion cactus
  - Pine
  - Plantain, broad and narrow leaf
  - Pokeweed
  - Prickly pear cactus
  - Purslane
  - Rattan palm
  - Reed
  - Reindeer moss
  - Rock tripe
  - Rose apple
  - Sago palm
  - Sassafras
  - Saxaul
  - Screw pine
  - Sea orach
  - Sheep sorrel
  - Sorghum
  - Spatterdock or yellow water lily
  - Sterculia
  - Strawberry
  - Sugar palm
  - Sugarcane
  - Sweetsop
  - Tamarind
  - Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen
  - Thistle
  - Ti
  - Tree fern
  - Tropical almond
  - Walnut
  - Water chestnut
  - Water lettuce
  - Water lily
  - Water plantain
  - Wild caper
  - Wild crab apple or wild apple
  - Wild desert gourd or colocynth
  - Wild dock and wild sorrel
  - Wild fig
  - Wild gourd or luffa sponge
  - Wild grape vine
  - Wild onion and garlic
  - Wild pistachio
  - Wild rice
  - Wild rose
  - Wood sorrel
  - Yam
  - Yam bean


Edible and medicinal plants



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