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1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
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Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Papaya or pawpaw

Papaya or pawpaw
Carica papaya

Description: The papaya is a small tree 1.8 to 6 meters tall, with a soft, hollow trunk. When cut, the entire plant exudes a milky juice. The trunk is rough and the leaves are crowded at the trunk's apex. The fruit grows directly from the trunk, among and below the leaves. The fruit is green before ripening. When ripe, it turns yellow or remains greenish with a squashlike appearance.

Habitat and Distribution: Papaya is found in rain forests and semievergreen seasonal forests in tropical regions and in some temperate regions as well. Look for it in moist areas near clearings and former habitations. It is also found in open, sunny places in uninhabited jungle areas.

Edible Parts: The ripe fruit is high in vitamin C. Eat it raw or cock it like squash. Place green fruit in the sun to make it ripen quickly. Cook the young papaya leaves, flowers, and stems carefully, changing the water as for taro.

CAUTION

Be careful not to get the milky sap from the unripe fruit into your eyes. It will cause intense pain and temporary--sometimes even permanent--blindness.

Other Uses: Use the milky juice of the unripe fruit to tenderize tough meat. Rub the juice on the meat.

For information on a specific edible or medicinal plant, click on one of the links below:

  - Abal
  - Acacia
  - Agave
  - Almond
  - Amaranth
  - Arctic willow
  - Arrowroot
  - Asparagus
  - Bael fruit
  - Bamboo
  - Banana and plantain
  - Baobab
  - Batoko plum
  - Bearberry or kinnikinnick
  - Beech
  - Bignay
  - Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry
  - Blueberry and huckleberry
  - Breadfruit
  - Burdock
  - Burl Palm
  - Canna lily
  - Carob tree
  - Cashew nut
  - Cattail
  - Cereus cactus
  - Chestnut
  - Chicory
  - Chufa
  - Coconut
  - Common jujube
  - Cranberry
  - Crowberry
  - Cuipo tree
  - Dandelion
  - Date palm
  - Daylily
  - Duchesnea or Indian strawberry
  - Elderberry
  - Fireweed
  - Fishtail palm
  - Foxtail grass
  - Goa bean
  - Hackberry
  - Hazelnut or wild filbert
  - Horseradish tree
  - Iceland moss
  - Indian potato or Eskimo potato
  - Juniper
  - Lotus
  - Malanga
  - Mango
  - Manioc
  - Marsh marigold
  - Mulberry
  - Nettle
  - Nipa palm
  - Oak
  - Orach
  - Palmetto palm
  - Papaya or pawpaw
  - Persimmon
  - Pincushion cactus
  - Pine
  - Plantain, broad and narrow leaf
  - Pokeweed
  - Prickly pear cactus
  - Purslane
  - Rattan palm
  - Reed
  - Reindeer moss
  - Rock tripe
  - Rose apple
  - Sago palm
  - Sassafras
  - Saxaul
  - Screw pine
  - Sea orach
  - Sheep sorrel
  - Sorghum
  - Spatterdock or yellow water lily
  - Sterculia
  - Strawberry
  - Sugar palm
  - Sugarcane
  - Sweetsop
  - Tamarind
  - Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen
  - Thistle
  - Ti
  - Tree fern
  - Tropical almond
  - Walnut
  - Water chestnut
  - Water lettuce
  - Water lily
  - Water plantain
  - Wild caper
  - Wild crab apple or wild apple
  - Wild desert gourd or colocynth
  - Wild dock and wild sorrel
  - Wild fig
  - Wild gourd or luffa sponge
  - Wild grape vine
  - Wild onion and garlic
  - Wild pistachio
  - Wild rice
  - Wild rose
  - Wood sorrel
  - Yam
  - Yam bean


Edible and medicinal plants



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