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Contents

1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Prickly pear cactus

Prickly pear cactus
Opuntia species

Description: This cactus has flat, padlike stems that are green. Many round, furry dots that contain sharp-pointed hairs cover these stems.

Habitat and Distribution: This cactus is found in arid and semiarid regions and in dry, sandy areas of wetter regions throughout most of the United States and Central and South America. Some species are planted in arid and semiarid regions of other parts of the world.

Edible Parts: All parts of the plant are edible. Peel the fruits and eat them fresh or crush them to prepare a refreshing drink. Avoid the tiny, pointed hairs. Roast the seeds and grind them to a flour.

CAUTION

Avoid any prickly pear cactus like plant with milky sap.

Other Uses: The pad is a good source of water. Peel it carefully to remove all sharp hairs before putting it in your mouth. You can also use the pads to promote healing. Split them and apply the pulp to wounds.

For information on a specific edible or medicinal plant, click on one of the links below:

  - Abal
  - Acacia
  - Agave
  - Almond
  - Amaranth
  - Arctic willow
  - Arrowroot
  - Asparagus
  - Bael fruit
  - Bamboo
  - Banana and plantain
  - Baobab
  - Batoko plum
  - Bearberry or kinnikinnick
  - Beech
  - Bignay
  - Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry
  - Blueberry and huckleberry
  - Breadfruit
  - Burdock
  - Burl Palm
  - Canna lily
  - Carob tree
  - Cashew nut
  - Cattail
  - Cereus cactus
  - Chestnut
  - Chicory
  - Chufa
  - Coconut
  - Common jujube
  - Cranberry
  - Crowberry
  - Cuipo tree
  - Dandelion
  - Date palm
  - Daylily
  - Duchesnea or Indian strawberry
  - Elderberry
  - Fireweed
  - Fishtail palm
  - Foxtail grass
  - Goa bean
  - Hackberry
  - Hazelnut or wild filbert
  - Horseradish tree
  - Iceland moss
  - Indian potato or Eskimo potato
  - Juniper
  - Lotus
  - Malanga
  - Mango
  - Manioc
  - Marsh marigold
  - Mulberry
  - Nettle
  - Nipa palm
  - Oak
  - Orach
  - Palmetto palm
  - Papaya or pawpaw
  - Persimmon
  - Pincushion cactus
  - Pine
  - Plantain, broad and narrow leaf
  - Pokeweed
  - Prickly pear cactus
  - Purslane
  - Rattan palm
  - Reed
  - Reindeer moss
  - Rock tripe
  - Rose apple
  - Sago palm
  - Sassafras
  - Saxaul
  - Screw pine
  - Sea orach
  - Sheep sorrel
  - Sorghum
  - Spatterdock or yellow water lily
  - Sterculia
  - Strawberry
  - Sugar palm
  - Sugarcane
  - Sweetsop
  - Tamarind
  - Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen
  - Thistle
  - Ti
  - Tree fern
  - Tropical almond
  - Walnut
  - Water chestnut
  - Water lettuce
  - Water lily
  - Water plantain
  - Wild caper
  - Wild crab apple or wild apple
  - Wild desert gourd or colocynth
  - Wild dock and wild sorrel
  - Wild fig
  - Wild gourd or luffa sponge
  - Wild grape vine
  - Wild onion and garlic
  - Wild pistachio
  - Wild rice
  - Wild rose
  - Wood sorrel
  - Yam
  - Yam bean


Edible and medicinal plants



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