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Contents

1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Reed

Reed
Phragmites australis

Description: This tall, coarse grass grows to 3.5 meters tall and has gray-green leaves about 4 centimeters wide. It has large masses of brown flower branches in early summer. These rarely produce grain and become fluffy, gray masses late in the season.

Habitat and Distribution: Look for reed in any open, wet area, especially one that has been disturbed through dredging. Reed is found throughout the temperate regions of both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Edible Parts: All parts of the plant are edible raw or cooked in any season. Harvest the stems as they emerge from the soil and boil them. You can also harvest them just before they produce flowers, then dry and beat them into flour. You can also dig up and boil the underground stems, but they are often tough. Seeds are edible raw or boiled, but they are rarely found.

For information on a specific edible or medicinal plant, click on one of the links below:

  - Abal
  - Acacia
  - Agave
  - Almond
  - Amaranth
  - Arctic willow
  - Arrowroot
  - Asparagus
  - Bael fruit
  - Bamboo
  - Banana and plantain
  - Baobab
  - Batoko plum
  - Bearberry or kinnikinnick
  - Beech
  - Bignay
  - Blackberry, raspberry, and dewberry
  - Blueberry and huckleberry
  - Breadfruit
  - Burdock
  - Burl Palm
  - Canna lily
  - Carob tree
  - Cashew nut
  - Cattail
  - Cereus cactus
  - Chestnut
  - Chicory
  - Chufa
  - Coconut
  - Common jujube
  - Cranberry
  - Crowberry
  - Cuipo tree
  - Dandelion
  - Date palm
  - Daylily
  - Duchesnea or Indian strawberry
  - Elderberry
  - Fireweed
  - Fishtail palm
  - Foxtail grass
  - Goa bean
  - Hackberry
  - Hazelnut or wild filbert
  - Horseradish tree
  - Iceland moss
  - Indian potato or Eskimo potato
  - Juniper
  - Lotus
  - Malanga
  - Mango
  - Manioc
  - Marsh marigold
  - Mulberry
  - Nettle
  - Nipa palm
  - Oak
  - Orach
  - Palmetto palm
  - Papaya or pawpaw
  - Persimmon
  - Pincushion cactus
  - Pine
  - Plantain, broad and narrow leaf
  - Pokeweed
  - Prickly pear cactus
  - Purslane
  - Rattan palm
  - Reed
  - Reindeer moss
  - Rock tripe
  - Rose apple
  - Sago palm
  - Sassafras
  - Saxaul
  - Screw pine
  - Sea orach
  - Sheep sorrel
  - Sorghum
  - Spatterdock or yellow water lily
  - Sterculia
  - Strawberry
  - Sugar palm
  - Sugarcane
  - Sweetsop
  - Tamarind
  - Taro, cocoyam, elephant ears, eddo, dasheen
  - Thistle
  - Ti
  - Tree fern
  - Tropical almond
  - Walnut
  - Water chestnut
  - Water lettuce
  - Water lily
  - Water plantain
  - Wild caper
  - Wild crab apple or wild apple
  - Wild desert gourd or colocynth
  - Wild dock and wild sorrel
  - Wild fig
  - Wild gourd or luffa sponge
  - Wild grape vine
  - Wild onion and garlic
  - Wild pistachio
  - Wild rice
  - Wild rose
  - Wood sorrel
  - Yam
  - Yam bean


Edible and medicinal plants



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The 'Survival Skills' section of this site is based on 'U.S. Army Survival Manual', a public domain work published by the U.S. Department of Defense that is available for sale at Amazon.com.




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