www.SurvivalIQ.com  
  Home  Survival Skills  Land Navigation  Survival Fitness email us 
Contents

1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Crotalidae

Crotalidae

The crotalids, or pit vipers (Figure E-4), may be either slender or thick-bodied. Their heads are usually much wider than their necks. These snakes take their name from the deep pit located between the eye and the nostril. They are commonly brown with dark blotches, though some kinds are green.

Rattlesnakes, copperheads, cottonmouths, and several species of dangerous snakes from Central and South America, Asia, China, and India fall into the pit viper group. The pit is a highly sensitive organ capable of picking up the slightest temperature variance. Most pit vipers are nocturnal. They hunt for food at night with the aid of these specialized pits that let them locate prey in total darkness. Rattlesnakes are the only pit vipers that possess a rattle at the tip of the tail.

India has about 12 species of these snakes. You find them in trees or on the ground in all types of terrain. The tree snakes are slender; the ground snakes are heavy-bodied. All are dangerous.

China has a pit viper similar to the cottonmouth found in North America. You find it in the rocky areas of the remote mountains of South China. It reaches a length of 1.4 meters but is not vicious unless irritated. You can also find a small pit viper, about 45 centimeters long, on the plains of eastern China. It is too small to be dangerous to a man wearing shoes.

There are about 27 species of rattlesnakes in the United States and Mexico. They vary in color and may or may not have spots or blotches. Some are small while others, such as the diamondbacks, may grow to 2.5 meters long.

There are five kinds of rattlesnakes in Central and South America, but only the tropical rattlesnake is widely distributed. The rattle on the tip of the tail is sufficient identification for a rattlesnake.

Most will try to escape without a fight when approached, but there is always a chance one will strike at a passerby. They do not always give a warning; they may strike first and rattle afterwards or not at all.

The genus Trimeresurus is a subgroup of the crotalidae. These are Asian pit vipers. These pit vipers are normally tree-loving snakes with a few species living on the ground. They basically have the same characteristics of the crotalidae--slender build and very dangerous. Their bites usually are on the upper extremities--head, neck, and shoulders. Their venom is largely hemotoxic.

For information on a specific poisonous snake or lizard, click on one of the links below:


  Snake Families:

  - Colubridae
  - Crotalidae
  - Elapidae
  - Viperidae

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF THE AMERICAS:

  - American copperhead
  - Bushmaster
  - Coral snake
  - Cottonmouth
  - Eastern diamondback rattlesnake
  - Eyelash pit viper
  - Fer-de-lance
  - Jumping viper
  - Mojave rattlesnake
  - Tropical rattlesnake
  - Western diamondback rattlesnake

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF EUROPE:

  - Common adder
  - Long-nosed adder
  - Pallas' viper
  - Ursini's viper

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF AFRICA AND ASIA:

  - Boomslang
  - Bush viper
  - Common cobra
  - Egyptian cobra
  - Gaboon viper
  - Green mamba
  - Green tree pit viper
  - Habu pit viper
  - Horned desert viper
  - King cobra
  - Krait
  - Levant viper
  - Malayan pit viper
  - McMahon's viper
  - Mole viper or burrowing vipe
  - Palestinian viper
  - Puff adder
  - Rhinoceros viper or river jack
  - Russell's viper
  - Sand viper
  - Saw-scaled viper
  - Wagler's pit viper or temple viper

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF AUSTRALASIA:

  - Australian copperhead
  - Death adder
  - Taipan
  - Tiger snake

  POISONOUS SEA SNAKES:

  - Banded sea snake
  - Yellow-bellied sea snake

  POISONOUS LIZARDS:

  - Gila monster
  - Mexican beaded lizard


Poisonous snakes and lizards



Buy The Book This Site Is Based On
The 'Survival Skills' section of this site is based on 'U.S. Army Survival Manual', a public domain work published by the U.S. Department of Defense that is available for sale at Amazon.com.




Copyright © 2008 SurvivalIQ.com. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimers  |  Contact Us   |   Privacy