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1. Introduction
2. Psychology of survival
3. Survival planning and survival kits
4. Basic survival medicine
5. Shelters
6. Water procurement
7. Firecraft
8. Food procurement
9. Survival use of plants
10. Poisonous plants
11. Dangerous animals
12. Field-expedient weapons, tools, and equipment
13. Desert survival
14. Tropical survival
15. Cold weather survival
16. Sea survival
17. Expedient water crossings
18. Field-expedient direction finding
19. Signaling techniques
20. Survival movement in hostile areas
21. Camouflage
22. Contact with people
23. Survival in man-made hazards

A. Survival kits
B. Edible and medicinal plants
C. Poisonous plants
D. Dangerous insects and arachnids
E. Poisonous snakes and lizards
F. Dangerous fish and mollusks
G. Clouds: foretellers of weather
H. Contingency plan of action format

Survival Gear

Handheld GPS
Specialty Outdoor Gear
Digital Compasses
Survival Books
Hunting and Fishing Magazines

Viperidae

Viperidae

The viperidae or true vipers usually have thick bodies and heads that are much wider than their necks (Figure E-3). However, there are many different sizes, markings, and colorations.

This snake group has developed a highly sophisticated means for delivering venom. They have long, hollow fangs that perform like hypodermic needles. They deliver their venom deep into the wound.

The fangs of this group of snakes are movable. These snakes fold their fangs into the roof of their mouths. When they strike, their fangs come forward, stabbing the victim. The snake controls the movement of its fangs; fang movement is not automatic. The venom is usually hemotoxic. There are, however, several species that have large quantities of neurotoxic elements, thus making them even more dangerous. The vipers are responsible for many human fatalities around the world.

For information on a specific poisonous snake or lizard, click on one of the links below:


  Snake Families:

  - Colubridae
  - Crotalidae
  - Elapidae
  - Viperidae

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF THE AMERICAS:

  - American copperhead
  - Bushmaster
  - Coral snake
  - Cottonmouth
  - Eastern diamondback rattlesnake
  - Eyelash pit viper
  - Fer-de-lance
  - Jumping viper
  - Mojave rattlesnake
  - Tropical rattlesnake
  - Western diamondback rattlesnake

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF EUROPE:

  - Common adder
  - Long-nosed adder
  - Pallas' viper
  - Ursini's viper

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF AFRICA AND ASIA:

  - Boomslang
  - Bush viper
  - Common cobra
  - Egyptian cobra
  - Gaboon viper
  - Green mamba
  - Green tree pit viper
  - Habu pit viper
  - Horned desert viper
  - King cobra
  - Krait
  - Levant viper
  - Malayan pit viper
  - McMahon's viper
  - Mole viper or burrowing vipe
  - Palestinian viper
  - Puff adder
  - Rhinoceros viper or river jack
  - Russell's viper
  - Sand viper
  - Saw-scaled viper
  - Wagler's pit viper or temple viper

  POISONOUS SNAKES OF AUSTRALASIA:

  - Australian copperhead
  - Death adder
  - Taipan
  - Tiger snake

  POISONOUS SEA SNAKES:

  - Banded sea snake
  - Yellow-bellied sea snake

  POISONOUS LIZARDS:

  - Gila monster
  - Mexican beaded lizard


Poisonous snakes and lizards



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